¿Cómo funciona la energía eólica?

¿Cómo funciona la energía eólica? Si se necesita para explicar simplemente, unaturbina eólicatoma el rotor del viento que sopla la energía.

El viento hace girar el rotor en rotación: la “energía de rotación” se convierte en electricidad con la ayuda de un generador, similar a una dinamo de bicicleta.

A partir de ahí, la energía eléctrica pasa a la red eléctrica. La altura del sistema es muy importante. Cuanto más grande es la planta, más uniforme es el viento y más electricidad se puede generar. Hoy en freelectricity.net , revisaremos cómo funciona la energía eólica .

¿Cómo funciona la energía eólica? Información detallada

Plantas más grandes – rendimiento de viento más eficiente

En las capas más bajas, cercanas al suelo, el aire es muy turbulento, también debido a los muchos obstáculos (casas, árboles, …). Por lo tanto, construye turbinas eólicas lo más alto posible, porque más arriba el viento sopla constante y uniformemente.

Con cada metro se construye un molino de viento más alto, la potencia de salida aumenta en un 1%. Con una duplicación de la longitud del ala, el rendimiento aumenta cuatro veces. La doble velocidad del viento produce ocho veces el rendimiento.

Aunque los aerogeneradores son productos de alta tecnología, la producción y la construcción actuales son posibles en muy poco tiempo, con un bajo consumo de energía. Así, la energía necesaria para la producción y construcción de una planta es generada por el propio molino de viento en un plazo de 4 a 6 meses. ¿Cómo funciona la energía eólica? Detalles abajo.

¿Cómo funciona la energía eólica? Consejos y sugerencias

Tipos de aerogeneradores

Básicamente, hoy en día han prevalecido dos tipos diferentes de aerogeneradores . Similar a los automóviles, donde coexisten la tecnología del diesel y el motor Bezin, también existen dos enfoques técnicos diferentes para los aerogeneradores.

Sistema sin engranajes        

Aquí el generador se encuentra justo en el rotor. Gira tan rápido como el rotor y por lo tanto tiene que ser muy grande. Similar a una dinamo de bicicleta, genera corriente eléctrica a partir del movimiento giratorio.

Planta con engranaje

En una caja de cambios con caja de cambios se encuentra entre el rotor y el generador, la transmisión. Esto hace que el generador sea más pequeño y gire más rápido que el rotor, hasta 100 veces más rápido.

Si se pregunta más acerca de cómo funciona la energía eólica , le invitamos a: forum.freelectricity.net . Por lo tanto, puede discutir en el foro y obtener más información sobre este asunto.

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